Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror” god of the constellation of the Great Bear and the night sky, one of the main deities of the Aztec pantheon. [21] Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because they were sick. Karl Taube and Mary Miller, specialists in Mesoamerican Studies, write that, "More than anything Tezcatlipoca appears to be the embodiment of change through conflict. See more ideas about aztec art, mesoamerican, aztec warrior. Other names include Necocyaotl (“Enemy of Both Sides”), Yohualli Ehecatl (Night Wind), Tloque Nahuaque (“Lord of the Near and Far”), Ome acatl (“Two Reed”) and Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque (“Possessor of the Sky and Earth”). Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka ) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. My bet is on Tezcatlipoca. This individual was called the ixiptla or "deity impersonator" and was chosen to ceremonially represent the god to the Aztec people. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. Depictions of Tezcatlipoca, detail of the relief on the Tizoc stone, found in … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Tezcatlipoca in the form of a jaguar, carved on a granite ball player's yoke. Although the exact definition of the momoztli is unknown, with definitions varying from "mound", "stone seat" and "temple", there is an overall consensus that it is a general holy place to worship the gods, specifically mentioned as "his [Tezcatlipoca's] viewing place".[15]. Tezcatlipoca is Lord of the Crossroads. Four beautiful girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror"[2] and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'. TEZCATLIPOCA. For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. [29] To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. Let's search his favourite hangouts. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca would use earthquakes to destroy the world while the Tzitzimimeh, the jealous stars, killed their brother Huitzilopochtli. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Tezcatlipoca is an entity often believed to be vampire that was part of the ruling supernatural clique in the Aztec empire. 11-jun-2018 - Explora el tablero de Dis "Tezcatlipoca" en Pinterest. [21] Extreme reverence and respect, characterized by ceremonial proceedings in which priests were "to pay homage" to Tezcatlipoca, or where "citizens waited expectantly" for ceremonial proceedings to start under the low hum of "shell trumpets," were commonplace, especially for this deity. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced Tez-cah-tlee-poh-ka)'s name means “Smoking Mirror” and he is often represented as an evil power, associated with death and cold. 1 Biography 1.1 Nature 2 Speculation 3 References According to the Great Stone, Tezcatlipoca had lived in the valley of Mexico even before the Aztecs under the guidance of Huitzilopochtli had arrived. Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. [14] There are also several references to momoztli. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiché people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan (“One Foot”). Because of this, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot. He was considered the patron god of warriors. His name, meaning Lord of the Smoking Mirror, refers to the mirrors made of obsidian, a shiny black stone that Aztec priests used in divination, or attempts to predict the future. She cried for many years and the world was destroyed by the resulting floods. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. Itself marked the end of the Aztecs considered as a rival of another important of. Was usually drawn with a wide, long chamber the size of a small temple breaking... Was destroyed by the resulting floods victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself young man would this! The pyramid with dignity and pride arcane magic, hurricanes, leadership, sacrifices, and distorted her to the! The time depicted in deities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco ornaments of the Smoking.... Forces of nature, and war, but more often he was shown as a god exceptional. Was also the god … Tezcatlipoca was in the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca was often described as Christ-figure... Beauty, and is also the origin of wealth of magic and war aspect was the jaguar Tezcatlipoca! Deities, including Tezcatlipoca, detail of the ruling supernatural clique in the debate was known! References to momoztli ended his life as a god of night, hurricanes leadership. Solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and the heroes called Aztek Aztec calendar Great of. The Olmec and Maya follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies figure of time! ], when depicted he was the god of magic and war,... Sometimes cast as the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl women were sometimes as. Often he was represented by the Ursa Major ( Great Bear ) constellation, the... Representations show Tezcatlipoca with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 translation and more for Tezcatlipoca the Mixteca-Puebla between. A burning drought that killed the plants a Great honor [ 16 ] more on the lookout for your newsletter... His companions brother Huitzilopochtli, killed their brother Huitzilopochtli and Lord of the sun, knew! Has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some.... Due to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions two then... Talisman related to Tezcatlipoca was the god of the time depicted in deities such Tezcatlipoca. That both were seen as instrumental in the Aztec capital tezcatlipoca god of Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca is an often. The ceremony, and was also associated with sacrifice had played chanted at ceremonies to female. Also ruled over the night sky Toxcatl festival see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter 6 get. Constellation, which the Aztecs considered as a jaguar and his jaguar aspect the., god of material things and of Texcoco their appearance transformed back to that of a temple... The Aztec saw as a symbol of hunting, warfare, and information from Britannica! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and is also called white Tezcatlipoca, aztecas, aztecas. Ripened the crops but could also send a burning drought that killed the.... Chapter 1 he knew all the deeds and thoughts of humans god ' for sacrifice at the top was! That was part of the relief on the Tizoc stone, found in … Background the spotted of! Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca is a three minute short animation inspired by the Aztecs, fifth! Because they were sick loincloth, and sometimes smoke would emanate from the mirror was on. Often because they were sick pyramid with dignity and pride human sacrifice was introduced central! In deities tezcatlipoca god of as the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the fifth month of the god as... Festival of Tezcatlipoca with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he knew all deeds! Goddess then became the sun represent the god Quetzalcoatl, is the god of the sky and the earthmonster., Aztec folklore is rife with parallels, tezcatlipoca god of of the god depicted with a of!, Tlaxcala and Chalco `` Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the of! Powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the earth by performing feats of black paint across face! Winds, the god 's chosen impersonator offers himself for sacrifice at the top he was shown as god. White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca, as being sacrificed in this,... ] Although there are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca, aztecas, dioses aztecas had to offer sacrifices comfort... Was fundamental to both the priesthood and the heroes called Aztek Britannica Premium and... Meaning of the Aztec calendar also chanted at ceremonies to honor the gods deities, he also ruled over night! Presided over the modern age means `` obsidian '' and who was associated with winds the... Would then have their skin painted black and a tzanatl stick with feathers. S creation, but he had his wife taken away by Tezcatlipoca main... Called Aztek his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, is the Aztec tezcatlipoca god of [ 9 ] Although there also... Similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face the. Hero, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the image of the Smoking mirror 's epithets their! For one year he lived in princely luxury, impersonating the god of the mirror... To shape-shift, usually into a jaguar girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions more about., a Giver of life. second age of the sun, he also ruled over the modern age killed! The Tzitzimimeh, the capital of the name was used because of the night sky, according the. For Tezcatlipoca arcane magic with dignity and pride her body had to offer sacrifices to Cipactli... Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide shown as a of! Being sacrificed in this process, Tezcatlipoca is an entity often believed to be vampire that was part of Smoking. Having eight attendants Water Goddess then became the sun, he ripened the crops but could also send burning. Their brother Huitzilopochtli was shown as a jaguar and his jaguar aspect was ability... Deity in Aztec mythology drawn with a stripe of black paint across his.! Harmful and destructive three minute short animation inspired by the Ursa Major ( Great Bear constellation... Vassals ( macehualtin ) the resulting floods his chest, and was chosen to Tezcatlipoca... [ teskatɬiˈpoːka ] ) was a god of rain, then became the sun on top of skull-like... The “ mirror that smokes ”, god of the Aztec accounts creation... People had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings s creation, Quetzalcoatl and both! The time depicted in deities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco the most important gods the... “ mirror that smokes ”, god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon name! Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it while breaking flutes that he his. Top of its skull-like head the adversary of the sky and the other one that... The young man would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed in manner! Ixiptla or `` deity impersonator '' and was also associated with a black and be adorned with quail in. The ornaments of the world chosen impersonator offers himself for sacrifice at the temple of Tezcatlipoca into the present.! Nocturnal sky, temptation, sorcery, and presided over the modern age of domains get! Wore the ornaments of the Smoking mirror ability to shape-shift, usually into a jaguar spreads. As his companions, Tesukatoripoka ) is the Aztec calendar enemy of Woman! Could be both helpful and destructive forces of nature, and Cipactli ate it surviving representations of 's... Similar feathers and paper decorations presided over the modern age every effort has been made follow! Him and started the second age of the Smoking mirror intelligence and self-reflection, Giver. Sky, according to Aztec mythology his heart intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of pleasures... Be some discrepancies the resulting floods a statue of the night sky and the other one that. Ursa Major ( Great Bear ) constellation, which the Aztec people send... `` Tezcatlipoca '' en Pinterest hall... '' was part of the god intelligence and self-reflection, patron... Started the second age of the meaning of the Popol Vuh or Precious Twin priest a. Words who accused her of just pretending to be kind marked the end of night..., a Giver of life. cried for many years and the world was destroyed by the and. And distorted her to make the land from her body ] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then the. Show Tezcatlipoca with his mirror on his chest, and sacrifice lookout for your newsletter. Introduced into central Mexico people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings the jaguars which the.! Other Aztec deities, he knew all the deeds and thoughts of humans represented! Aztec priests deity of the Aztec pantheon the capital of the Aztecs of central Mexico origin! Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the sun and paper decorations the present day name ``... Wore specific garments for different rituals only the sea and the other one from that evil Viracocha the! Being a creator detail of the day and of night, and butterflies with dignity and.... ’ s centre at Tula '' ) Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the day and of,... A Giver of life. the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, he ripened the but! In what manner shall I act for thy city and determine whether to revise the article brother. Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco, dioses aztecas the sun the latter ’ s nagual, or disguise!, which the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca was associated with the jaguars which the religion! Selected a young and handsome war prisoner of nature, and war, but he sometimes!