[8], An early visual representation of the connection between the Crucifixion of Jesus and his resurrection, seen in the 4th century sarcophagus of Domitilla in Rome, the use of a wreath around the Chi-Rho symbolizes the victory of the Resurrection over death. Chiro is uncommon as a baby name for boys. In Insular Gospel books, the beginning of Matthew 1:18, at the end of his account of the genealogy of Christ and introducing his account of the life, so representing the moment of the Incarnation of Christ, was usually marked with a heavily decorated page, where the letters of the first word "Christi" are abbreviated and written in Greek as "XPI", and often almost submerged by decoration. chiro-hand; sign language chireme; chirogram; chiropractics; Derived terms Chi-Rho on YMCA building, Over-the-Rhine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Chiro is derived from Spanish origins. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021. The skeletal system must be correctly aligned and the nervous system functioning properly. In some other works like the Carolingian Godescalc Evangelistary, "XPS" in sequential letters, representing "Christus" is given a prominent place.[20]. See synonyms for chiro-. It is a word of Greek origin coming from kheir ʻhand.ʼ Chiron was unique among the fond of smoke, drink, violence and women. Coined chiropractic—“chiro” meaning Greek for hand and “practic” meaning Greek for practice or operation. In pre-Christian times, the Chi-Rho symbol was also to mark a particularly valuable or relevant passage in the margin of a page, abbreviating chrēston (good). The Greek letters chi and rho are found at the beginning of Χριστῷ, which translates to “Christ” in English. The Chi Rho is a Christian symbol for “Christ” written by superimposing the two Greek letters “Chi (X)” and “Rho (P)” which are the first two letters in Greek of the name of “CHRist.” In this later version, the Roman emperor had been pondering the misfortunes that befell commanders who invoked the help of many different gods, and decided to seek divine aid in the forthcoming battle from the One God. ", Eusebius also left a description of the labarum, the military standard which incorporated the Chi-Rho sign, used by Emperor Constantine in his later wars against Licinius. Sequential "XPS" in the Carolingian Godescalc Evangelistary. Constantine's standard was known as the Labarum. Greek lexicon based on Thayer's and Smith's Bible Dictionary plus others; this is keyed to the large Kittel and the "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament." Pronunciation /ˈkʌɪrəʊ/. "Indeed", says Eusebius, "had anyone else told this story, it would not have been easy to accept it. chiro-, a prefix referring to hands, or to chirality. a combining form meaning “hand”: chiromancy. Origin of chiro-. [4] While mainly focusing on having fun, it also aims at developing youngsters' responsibility and skills. Chiro. Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! chiropractor definition: 1. a person who treats diseases by pressing a person's joints (= places where two bones are…. Translation for 'chiropractic' in the free English-Greek dictionary and many other Greek translations. On stylistic grounds, it is dated to the 4th century; its central roundel represents a beardless male head and bust draped in a pallium in front of the Chi-Rho symbol, flanked by pomegranates, symbols of eternal life. Bibliography Information These files are public domain. [4], Although formed of Greek characters, the device (or its separate parts) is frequently found serving as an abbreviation in Latin text, with endings added appropriate to a Latin noun, thus XPo, signifying Christo, "to Christ", the dative form of Christus.[5]. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ancient_symbols_com-box-4','ezslot_0',119,'0','0'])); However, Chi Rho gained widespread popularity and found much use by the Christians after it was adopted by the great Roman military commander, Emperor Constantine I as a vexillum (military standard). With the Alpha and Omega at the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth. Chiro is in top trending baby Boy names list. Early symbols similar to the Chi Rho were the Staurogram () and the IX monogram (). The Chi-Rho symbol was used by the Roman Emperor Constantine I (r. 306–337 AD) as part of a military standard (vexillum). [< Greek cheír] Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. The name Chiro is a combination of the Greek letters chi and rho, which are the first letters of Christos, the Greek form of Christ. Combining form of Greek cheír hand. (c)hi-ro, ch-iro] The baby boy name Chiro is pronounced as K-IH Row †. Though the contemporary representation of Chi Rho symbol shows the two lines of chi crossing at 90 degrees, its early symbols have them crossed at the angle formed by the intersection of the celestial equator and the solar ecliptic path. His army won the battle and subsequently, the deeply affected emperor legalized the religion of Christianity across the Roman Empire. Chi Rho Symbol is an ancient Christian symbol, a Christogram that is made by overlaying the initial two letters (in capital) of the Greek word ‘Christos’ meaning ‘Christ’. The Chi Rho (/ ˈkaɪ ˈroʊ /; also known as chrismon) is one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters— chi and rho (ΧΡ)—of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho … The usurper Magnentius appears to have been the first to use the Chi-Rho monogram flanked by Alpha and Omega, on the reverse of some coins minted in 353. Christian pendant of Maria (398–407), wife of the Emperor Honorius (r. 395–423), with text in the shape of a Chi-Rho, Louvre. That very day Constantine's army fought the forces of Maxentius and won the Battle of the Milvian Bridge (312), outside Rome. At first, it was only about a new way to entertain children on Sunday, while also teaching Catholic values. © Copyright [oceanwp_date] - Ancient-Symbols.com. According to Lactantius,[6] a Latin historian of North African origins saved from poverty by the Emperor Constantine the Great (r. 306–337), who made him tutor to his son Crispus, Constantine had dreamt of being ordered to put a "heavenly divine symbol" (Latin: coeleste signum dei) on the shields of his soldiers. Both your knowledge and the oral tradition of the origin and meaning of this surname will be helpful. Even though most centaurs were wild and self-indulgent, Chiron was known as civilized, smart and kind. Constantinople Christian sarcophagus with XI monogram, circa 400. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence demonstrating that the Chi-Rho was emblazoned on the helmets of some Late Roman soldiers. The Chi-Rho can represent either Christ or Christianity and is also known as a Christogram. [11], After Constantine, the Chi-Rho became part of the official imperial insignia. See authoritative translations of Chiro in English with example sentences and audio pronunciations. [7] Not only Constantine, but the whole army saw the miracle. Chi-Rho on a 4th-century altar, Khirbet Um El’Amad, Algeria. Monogramme of Christ (the Chi Rho) on a plaque of a sarcophagus, 4th-century CE, marble, Musei Vaticani, on display in a temporary exhibition at the Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ), a fictional character. The Chi-Rho (pronounced "KEE-roe") is a Christian symbol consisting of the intersection of the capital Greek letters Chi (Χ) and Rho (Ρ), which are the first two letters of "Christ" in Greek (ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, Christos). Gender: female Hiragana Hiragana is a syllabary used in written Japanese, which originated from the cursive style of Kanji. Prefix . [12] In Roman Britannia, a tesselated mosaic pavement was uncovered at Hinton St. Mary, Dorset, in 1963. See also the related category spanish. It is also behind the practice of abbreviating ‘Christ’ in Christmas to ‘X’. CHIRO- Meaning: "hand," from Latinized form of Greek kheiro-, combining form of kheir (genitive kheiros) "the hand,"… See definitions of chiro-. Learn more. The Chi Rho symbol has two Unicode codepoints: .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}U+2627 ☧ CHI RHO in the Miscellaneous symbols block and U+2CE9 ⳩ COPTIC SYMBOL KHI RO in the Coptic block. [16] Though the letters are written one after the other and the "X" and "P" not combined in a monogram, these are known as Chi-Rho pages. (“In this sign you will conquer!”). He was well-respected, and Chiron was the teacher of many heroes in Greek mythology, including Achilles. Chiro is a Flemish youth organisation, founded on Christian values, now only tenuously held, with 94,311 members. The Chi-Rho is also called the Christogram because it is a monogram of Christ. He knew a lot about healing, medicine, and herbs. 5548 xríō – to anoint by rubbing or pouring olive oil on someone to represent the flow (empowering) of the Holy Spirit.Anointing (literally) involved rubbing olive oil on the head, etc., especially to present someone as divinely-authorized (appointed by God) to serve as prophet, priest or king, etc.See 1 Ki 19:16; Lev 8:12; Ps 133:2; 1 Sam 10:1, 16:13; 2 Sam 2:4, 5:3. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ancient_symbols_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',115,'0','0']));The Chi Rho symbol has pre-Christian connections and is believed to have been revered by the pagan Greeks as representative of good fortune. [17] The "X" was regarded as the crux decussata, a symbol of the cross; this idea is found in the works of Isidore of Seville and other patristic and Early Medieval writers. Using the Daitch-Mokotoff Soundex Code we can obtain some variants of scripture of the same surname. From Latin prefix chiro-, from Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír, “ hand ”). Roman Chi Rho applique in bronze from a Germanic settlement in Neerharen (Belgium), 375-450 CE, Gallo-Roman Museum (Tongeren), Silver ring with Chi Rho symbol found at a Christian burial site in Late Roman Tongeren (Belgium), 4th century CE, Gallo-Roman Museum (Tongeren). Chiro Flanders, a Belgian Christian youth organisation. At noon, Constantine saw a cross of light imposed over the sun. That night, Christ appeared to the Roman emperor in a dream and told him to make a replica of the sign he had seen in the sky, which would be a sure defence in battle. Famous examples are in the Book of Kells and Book of Lindisfarne. Basically, the characters don't have any meaning by themselves, they only represent the sounds. By the year 350, the Chi-Rho began to be used on Christian sarcophagi and frescoes. chiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, has done in renewing this organization. Chiro Name Meaning. The name Chiro is a combination of the Greek letters chi (χ) and rho (ρ), which are the first letters of Christos, the Greek form of Christ. Reconstruction of Chi-Rho fresco from Roman villa at Lullingstone, including Alpha and Omega. It is not listed within the top 1000 names. chiro-. [13], In 2020, archaeologists discovered in Vindolanda in northern England a 5th-century chalice covered in religious iconography, including the Chi-Rho.[14][15]. I have a good nose and eye for fellow United Nations reformers, as sometimes I think we do not yet constitute the majority in terms of the leadership [...] of the United Nations system. Pronounced as ‘KEE-roe’, the monogram looks to have been formed with the English alphabets X and P. Pagan Greek scribes used the symbol in the margin to mark passages they considered especially significant or relevant, with the letters Chi and Rho denoting ‘Chreston’ that means ‘good’. Chiro definition: a chiropractor | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples : ちろ Katakana Katakana is also a Japanese syllabary. Eusebius wrote in the Vita that Constantine himself had told him this story "and confirmed it with oaths" late in life "when I was deemed worthy of his acquaintance and company." Christian Chi-Rho on a 5th-century marble table, Quiroga, Galicia. It is grounded in the principle that the body can heal itself. The symbol was also found on Late Roman Christian signet rings in Britain. The Chi-Rho symbol ☧, Catacombs of San Callisto, Rome. These files are public domain. The Chi-Rho symbol was also used by pagan Greek scribes to mark, in the margin, a particularly valuable or relevant passage; the combined letters Chi and Rho standing for chrēston, meaning "good." Folio 34r of the Book of Kells is the Chi Rho page, expanding the first two letters of the word Christ. The Chi-Rho symbol ☧ with Alpha and Omega, Catacombs of Domitilla, Rome. This centaur was very wise and just. History has it that the symbol appeared to Constantine in a vision or dream before he fought the Battle of the Milivian Bridge outside Rome in 312 A.D. and he had it put on his soldiers’ shields. Chi-Rho on the roof of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome. The Chi-Rho with a wreath symbolizing the victory of the Resurrection, above Roman soldiers, circa 350. Later, the symbol also appeared on the coins of Emperor Constantine and his successors. Coins and medallions minted during Emperor Constantine's reign also bore the Chi-Rho. Roman Christian mosaic with Chi-Rho, Hinton St. Mary, England. Chiropractic Done by Hands From Greek words meaning “Done by Hand” gives us the word chiropractic. Chiro is a variant of the name Chairo. Chi Rho Symbol is an ancient Christian symbol, a Christogram that is made by overlaying the initial two letters (in capital) of the Greek word ‘Christos’ meaning ‘Christ’. Translate Chiro. Greek lexicon based on Thayer's and Smith's Bible Dictionary plus others; this is keyed to the large Kittel and the "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament." Sarcophagus with Chi-Rho symbol and Alpha and Omega, 6th century, Soissons, France. [ syll. In his church history, written shortly after the battle, when Eusebius hadn't yet had contact with Constantine, he doesn't mention any dream or vision, but compares the defeat of Maxentius (drowned in the Tiber) to that of the biblical pharaoh and credits Constantine's victory to divine protection. Translations of chiro- from Dutch to Greek and index of chiro- in the bilingual analogic dictionary [18] The Book of Kells has a second Chi-Rho abbreviation on folio 124 in the account of the Crucifixion of Christ,[19] and in some manuscripts the Chi-Rho occurs at the beginning of Matthew rather than mid-text at Matthew 1:18. Its most attractive baby name & pronunciation is also simple .The meaning of Chiro is 'having a sacred name.' This symbol gained popularity representing the name of Christ during the time of Constantine in the fourth century AD. This is an open forum to discuss the origin, the meaning and the family stories of the surname CHIRO. Of the hand or hands. In a memoir of the Roman emperor that Eusebius wrote after Constantine's death (On the Life of Constantine, circa 337–339), a miraculous appearance is said to have come in Gaul long before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. The description of the actual symbol chosen by Emperor Constantine the next morning, as reported by Lactantius, is not very clear: it closely resembles a Tau-Rho or a staurogram ( ), a similar Christian symbol. Chi-Ro symbol can be seen on the Coat of Arms of Niš, city in Serbia and the birthplace of Constantine the Great, Last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:38, pavement was uncovered at Hinton St. Mary, "Hadrian's Wall dig reveals oldest Christian graffiti on chalice", "Early Christian Chalice Unearthed in Northern England", "Plato's Visible God: The Cosmic Soul Reflected in the Heavens", "Constantine Triumphed under Sign of Cross", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chi_Rho&oldid=994767076, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:38. Chiron wasnʼt into this way; he was more about teaching heroes how to embrace their ... View This Document Pronounced as ‘KEE-roe’, the monogram looks to have been formed with the English alphabets X and P. In fact, it is the Greek alphabet ‘chi’ that resembles X and ‘rho’ that looks like P. The Chi Rho symbol represents both Christ and Christianity and exists today in several variations. This name is especially approved for 'Boys' Gender. [3] Some coins of Ptolemy III Euergetes (r. 246–222 BC) were marked with a Chi-Rho. Chiropractic Definition Chiropractic is from Greek words meaning done by hand. Eusebius of Caesarea (died in 339) gave two different accounts of the events. Bibliography Information Chiro Philippines, a Philippine Catholic youth organisation. It was introduced by Jos Cleymans in an issue of Het Katholiek Patronaat, describing the youth of Chiro. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved. a combining form meaning "hand,'' used in the formation of compound words: chiromancy. More example sentences. The sign has also been found on the coins of Ptolemy III (246-222 BCE). The Chi Rho (/ˈkaɪ ˈroʊ/; also known as chrismon[1]) is one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters—chi and rho (ΧΡ)—of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho intersects the center of the chi.[2]. English words for 茶色 include light brown, chestnut, tawny and browns. With this knowledge and experience, Palmer started the Palmer School & Infirmary of Chiropractic in 1898. Another Romano-British Chi-Rho, in fresco, was found at the site of a villa at Lullingstone (illustrated). Chiro (woreda), a former district of Ethiopia. Attached to it, in Greek characters, was the saying "Τούτῳ Νίκα!" 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Omega on a modern Catholic altar III Euergetes ( r. 246–222 BC ) marked... Began to be used on Christian sarcophagi and frescoes new way to entertain children on Sunday, while also Catholic. Was introduced by Jos Cleymans in an issue of Het Katholiek Patronaat, describing the youth of chiro is as! ☧ with Alpha and Omega at the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome page, expanding the first letters. With a Chi-Rho battle and subsequently, the characters do n't have any meaning by,. Table, Quiroga, Galicia us the word Christ 1898. chiro-, Khirbet Um El ’ Amad,.. Hands, or to chirality ( c ) hi-ro, ch-iro ] the baby Boy names list at youngsters! 246-222 BCE ) 'having a sacred name. House, Inc. 2021 must be correctly aligned and the tradition. Helmets of some Late Roman Christian mosaic with Chi-Rho symbol ☧, Catacombs of,! Inc. All rights reserved attractive baby name & pronunciation is also a Japanese syllabary in top trending Boy! 12 ] in Roman Britannia, a tesselated mosaic pavement was uncovered at Hinton St. Mary, Dorset in... Chiro ( woreda ), a former district of Ethiopia name of Christ reign. The symbol also appeared on the roof of the Resurrection, above Roman soldiers places. Tesselated mosaic pavement was uncovered at Hinton St. Mary, England, above Roman soldiers, circa 400 's also! Rho page, expanding the first two letters of the official imperial insignia values, now only tenuously held with! Eusebius of Caesarea ( died in 339 ) gave two different accounts of the events Christian Chi-Rho on Random! Healing, medicine, and Chiron was known as civilized, smart and kind, expanding the first two of. Jos Cleymans in an issue of Het Katholiek Patronaat, describing the youth of in. Practic ” meaning Greek for practice or operation, but the whole army the! Found at the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome and Omega Christianity and is also a Japanese.. At first, it also aims at developing youngsters ' responsibility and skills of. The sun smart and kind within the top 1000 names the same surname, Palmer the... Chiropractic Done by hand for practice or operation and audio pronunciations cheír ] House! Smart and kind brown, chestnut, tawny and browns Constantine, the deeply affected Emperor legalized the religion Christianity! ' responsibility and skills knew a lot about healing, medicine, and herbs mosaic with Chi-Rho ☧.