Pandas Time Series Resampling Examples for more general code examples. A single line of code can retrieve the price for each month. More than 70% of the world’s structured data is time series data. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. We will use very powerful pandas IO capabilities to create time series directly from the text file, try to create seasonal means with resample and multi-year monthly means with groupby.At the end I will show how new functionality from the … For example, resampling different months of data with different aggregations. data_frame = pd.read_csv('AUDJPY-2016-01.csv', names=['Symbol', 'Date_Time', 'Bid', 'Ask'], index_col=1, parse_dates=True) data_frame.head() This is how the data frame looks like:-We use the resample attribute of pandas data frame. I know I can us Pandas' resample('D', how='sum') to calculate the daily sum of P (DailyP) but in the same step, I would like to use the daily P to calculate proportion of daily P in each hour (so, P/DailyP) to end up with an hourly time series (i.e., same frequency as original). This is probably apparent from my use of terminology, but I am an absolute newbie at Python or programming for that matter. They actually can give different results based on your data. Pandas Time Series Resampling Steps to resample data with Python and Pandas: Load time series data into a Pandas DataFrame (e.g. For instance, you may want to summarize hourly data to provide a daily maximum value. Next we can proceed with the resampling. Convert data column into a Pandas Data Types. Pandas Time Series Resampling Steps to resample data with Python and Pandas: Load time series data into a Pandas DataFrame (e.g. 9 year old is breaking the rules, and not understanding consequences. It is a Convenience method for frequency conversion and resampling of time series. As mentioned before, it is essentially a replacement for Python's native datetime, but is based on the more efficient numpy.datetime64 data type. Are there any rocket engines small enough to be held in hand? time periods or intervals. So we’ll start with resampling the speed of our car: df.speed.resample() will be used to resample the speed column of our DataFrame There are many options for grouping. Option 1: Use groupby + resample Within that method you call the time frequency for which you want to resample. Convert data column into a Pandas Data Types. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Resampling is necessary when yo u ’re given a data set recorded in some time interval and you want to change the time interval to something else. the 0th minute like 18:00, 19:00, and so on. Object must have a datetime-like index … This data comes from an automated bicycle counter, installed in late 2012, which has inductive sensors on the east and west sidewalks of the bridge. If you are performing multiple resamplings, executing a Python script is the most efficient method, however, to perform a single resample or for demonstrating the process, Jupyter Notebook is very quick to get started with. Pandas has many tools specifically built for working with the time … Convenience method for frequency conversion and resampling of time series. pandas.Series.resample¶ Series.resample (rule, axis = 0, closed = None, label = None, convention = 'start', kind = None, loffset = None, base = None, on = None, level = None, origin = 'start_day', offset = None) [source] ¶ Resample time-series data. Think of it like a group by function, but for time series data. However, you may want to plot data summarized by day. How it is possible that the MIG 21 to have full rudder to the left but the nose wheel move freely to the right then straight or to the left? We can check the dataframe is correctly loaded by running. I am working with a hourly time series (Date, Time (hr), P) and trying to calculate the proportion of daily total 'Amount' for each hour. You can learn more about them in Pandas's timeseries docs, however, I have also listed them below for your convience. Why is Pandas resample sampling out of sample? There are two options for doing this. Pandas resample time series. Group a time series with pandas. Next, we'll use the pandas library for time resampling. Therefore, it is a very good choice to work on time series data. Pandas provides methods for resampling time series data. You must specify this in the method. The process is now complete, and we can save the resampled dataframe as an Excel file by calling the to_excel() method: That’s it. Which is better: "Interaction of x with y" or "Interaction between x and y". For example, above you have been working with hourly data. Gegeben, die unter pandas DataFrame: In [115]: times = pd. We can change that to start from different minutes of the hour using offset attribute like — # Starting at 15 minutes 10 seconds for each hour data.resample('H', on='created_at', offset='15Min10s').price.sum() # Output created_at or upsampling (going from hourly to minute), the syntax is similar, but the methods called are different. Pandas: resample timeseries mit groupby. 4x4 grid with no trominoes containing repeating colors. For resampling data, we always recommend customers use Pandas. You can resample time series data in Pandas using the resample() method. How to use Pandas to upsample time series data to a higher frequency and interpolate the new observations. It can take a little work to set up and install if the customer is new to Pandas but it is usually under an hour and it is very easy to work with Pandas in combination with Jupyter notebooks. Chose the resampling frequency and apply the pandas.DataFrame.resample method. Pandas Grouper. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! The syntax of resample … What's the legal term for a law or a set of laws which are realistically impossible to follow in practice? I would like resample the data to aggregate it hourly by count while grouping by location to produce a data frame that looks like this: Out[115]: HK LDN 2014-08-25 21:00:00 1 1 2014-08-25 22:00:00 0 2 I've tried various combinations of resample() and groupby() but with no luck. Examples including day ("D") … This powerful tool will help you transform and clean up your time series data. One approach, for instance, could be to take the mean, as in df.resample('D').mean(). In this post, I will cover three very useful operations that can be done on time series data. If you need to refresh your pandas, matplotlib, or NumPy skills before continuing, check out LearnPython.com's Introduction to Python for Data Science course. The sequence of data is either uniformly spaced at a specific frequency such as hourly, or sporadically spaced in the case of a phone call log. What happened:. In the below example we only take bars where the close is above zero (which should only be trading days). Thus combining the resample() and aggs() method : Note that some older code samples use the ‘how’ argument in the resample() method which appears much simpler, for example: However, the ‘how’ parameter is no longer available in Pandas and the agg() method needs to be used in its place. The resample attribute allows to resample a regular time-series data. Would coating a space ship in liquid nitrogen mask its thermal signature? A time series is a sequence of numerical data points in successive order i.e. scipy.signal.resample¶ scipy.signal.resample (x, num, t = None, axis = 0, window = None, domain = 'time') [source] ¶ Resample x to num samples using Fourier method along the given axis.. We will work through a resampling example using Jupyter Notebooks. to_datetime (pd. 2 types of time zones in Python: Naive or time zone aware index All time zones strings can be found in pytz, e.g. Pandas was created by Wes Mckinney to provide an efficient and flexible tool to work with financial data. This can be done by passing the dataframe a filtering argument which will be true only for trading days. When downsampling or upsampling, the syntax is similar, but the methods called are different. Grouping Options¶. Convenience method for frequency conversion and resampling of time series. I first create a new index: hourly = pd.date_range(start,end,freq = 'H') You at that point determine a technique for how you might want to resample. Pandas menggabungkan banyak library time series mulai dari formating date time Numpy datetime64 and timedelta64 dtypes sampai ke fitur time series scikits.timeseries [2]. An example: Pandas resample work is essentially utilized for time arrangement information. In the previous part we looked at very basic ways of work with pandas. Time series data¶ A major use case for xarray is multi-dimensional time-series data. Using Pandas to Resample Time Series. For example, you could aggregate monthly data into yearly data, or you could upsample hourly data into minute-by-minute data. Let’s jump in to understand how grouper works. In it's simplest form, a linear interpolation would just require the time series to be shifted back one step (using the shift(-1)) and take the pandas resampled mean of the original and shifted time series. Which will outputs the first 5 rows of the dataframe. Grouping time series data and converting between frequencies with resample() The resample() method is similar to Pandas DataFrame.groupby but for time series data. By default, the time interval starts from the starting of the hour i.e. You then specify a method of how you would like to resample. date_range ( '1/1/2000' , periods = 2000 , freq = '5min' ) # Create a pandas series with a random values between 0 and 100, using 'time' as the index series = pd . Thanks! Object must have a datetime-like index (DatetimeIndex, PeriodIndex, or TimedeltaIndex), or pass datetime-like values to the on or level keyword. df.speed.resample() will be utilized to resample the speed segment of our DataFrame. Alexander C. S. Hendorf Königsweg GmbH EuroPython organiser + program chair mongoDB master 2016, MUG Leader Speaker CEBIT, EuroPython, mongoDB days,PyCon It, PyData… @hendorf . You then specify a method of how you would like to resample. The date will be stored as yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Time, Date dan Datetime Pandas. In [25]: df = pd. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and It is used for frequency conversion and resampling of time series. Pandas Resample is an amazing function that does more than you think. How to use Pandas to downsample time series data to a lower frequency and summarize the higher frequency observations. For example, above you have been working with hourly data. I would like resample the data to aggregate it hourly by count while grouping by location to produce a data frame that looks like this: Out[115]: HK LDN 2014-08-25 21:00:00 1 1 2014-08-25 22:00:00 0 2 I've tried various combinations of resample() and groupby() but with no luck. This operation is possible in Excel but is extremely inefficient as Excel will struggle to handle large time-series files (anything over 500,000 rows is problematic on most systems) … Data Resampling : Resampling of time series is a technique for grouping a time series data by some convenient frequency. read_csv() function can read strings into datetime objects with argument parse_dates = True. The first option groups by Location and within Location groups by hour. multiindex - python resample time series pandas resample documentation (2) So I completely understand how to use resample , but the documentation does not do a good job explaining the options. Resample Pandas time-series data. pandas.Series.resample, Resample time-series data. The second option groups by Location and hour at the same time. Time Series in Pandas. Resampling is a method of frequency conversion of time series data. When time series is data is converted from lower frequency to higher frequency then a number of observations increases hence we need a method to fill … Time, Date dan Datetime Pandas. Time Resampling. The first option groups by Location and within Location groups by hour. Pandas provides methods for resampling time series data. If you want to resample for smaller time frames (milliseconds/microseconds/seconds), use L for milliseconds, U for microseconds, and S for … Time resampling refers to aggregating time series data with respect to a specific time period. The second option groups by Location and hour at the same time. Think of it like a group by function, but for time series data.. Resample Pandas time-series data The resample () function is used to resample time-series data. Step 1: Resample price dataset by month and forward fill the values df_price = df_price.resample('M').ffill() By calling resample('M') to resample the given time-series by month. One of the most common requests we receive is how to resample intraday data into different time frames (for example converting 1-minute bars into 1-hour bars). Answers 1. Pandas for time series analysis. column_names = ["TimeStamp", "open", "high", "low", "close", "volume"], amzn1hr_df =  amzn_df.resample("1H").agg({'open': 'first', 'close': 'last', 'high' : 'max', 'low' : 'min', 'volume': 'sum'}), amzn1hr_df = amzn1hr_df[amzn1hr_df.close > 0], amzn1hr_df.to_excel(r'path\file.xlsx', index = False), Complete US Bundle (Stock, Futures, ETF, Index), Futures Most Active (50 Most Active Futures), VXX (IPATH S&P 500 VIX SHORT-TERM FUTURES), https://docs.anaconda.com/anaconda/install/windows/, Using Pandas to Manage Large Time Series Files. The resample() method groups rows into a different timeframe based on a parameter that is passed in, for example resample(“B”) groups rows into business days (one row per business day). source: pandas_time_series_resample.py アップサンプリングにおける値の補間 アップサンプリングする場合、元のデータに含まれない日時のデータを補間する必要がある。 The only remaining issue is that Pandas will create empty bars for weekends and holidays which need to be removed. your coworkers to find and share information. Accordingly, we’ve copied many of features that make working with time-series data in pandas such a joy to xarray. Syntax: Series.resample(self, rule, how=None, axis=0, fill_method=None, … Most commonly, a time series is a sequence taken at successive equally spaced points in time. pandas.DataFrame.resample¶ DataFrame.resample (rule, axis = 0, closed = None, label = None, convention = 'start', kind = None, loffset = None, base = None, on = None, level = None, origin = 'start_day', offset = None) [source] ¶ Resample time-series data. The hourly bicycle counts can be downloaded from here. Time series analysis is crucial in financial data analysis space. Python Pandas: Resample Time Series Sun 01 May 2016 Data Science; M Hendra Herviawan; #Data Wrangling, #Time Series, #Python; In [24]: import pandas as pd import numpy as np. Resample uses essentially the same api as resample in pandas. However, you may want to plot data summarized by day. The resample method in pandas is similar to its groupby method as you are essentially grouping by a certain time span. The process is nearly complete. Here I have the example of the different formats time series data may be found in. In this example we will resample the 1-minute bars into 1-hour bars. Example: Imagine you have a data points every 5 minutes from 10am – 11am. We shall resample the data every 15 minutes and divide it into OHLC format. As an example of working with some time series data, let’s take a look at bicycle counts on Seattle’s Fremont Bridge. Pandas dividing hourly indexed df by daily indexed df, Cumulative sum of values in a column with same ID. As such, there is often a need to break up large time-series datasets into smaller, more manageable Excel files. Pandas dataframe.resample () function is primarily used for time series data. Do i need a chain breaker tool to install new chain on bicycle? If I drop to Pandas and resample the speeds are ~100x faster than xarray, and also the same time regardless of the resample period. The resample technique in pandas is like its groupby strategy as you are basically gathering by a specific time length. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. In this example we will use the free 1-minute AMZN datafile provided by FirstRate Data and load the csv file into a Pandas dataframe from the read_csv method: Note in the above sample, the datafile does not contain a header row so we need to pass in a column_names array of the columns. This is done by combining the  resample() and aggs() methods. Generally, the data is not always as good as we expect. So I have a pandas DataFrame time series with irregular hourly data; that is the times are not all 1 hour apart, but all refer to a specific hour of the day. Why can't the compiler handle newtype for us in Haskell? Resample Time Series Data Using Pandas Dataframes Often you need to summarize or aggregate time series data by a new time period. I have a 10 minute frequency time series. grouped = df.groupby('Location').resample('H')['Event'].count() Beberapa perintah operasi datetime yang di support oleh Pandas: Parsing data time series dari berbagai sumber dan format The daily count of created 311 complaints Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. So let’s learn the basics of data wrangling using pandas time series APIs. sahil Kothiya. How would I go about this? This powerful tool will help you transform and clean up your time series data.. Pandas Resample will convert your time series data into different frequencies. One of the most common requests we receive is how to resample intraday data into different time frames (for example converting 1-minute bars into 1-hour bars). We use the resample attribute of pandas data frame. Although Python, Pandas and Jupyter Notebooks can all be installed separately the most efficient way to install all three  is to install Anaconda (https://docs.anaconda.com/anaconda/install/windows/ ). Here I am going to introduce couple of more advance tricks. In this exercise, a data set containing hourly temperature data has been pre-loaded for you. german_army allied_army; open high low close open high low close; 2014-05-06: 21413: 29377 At the base of this post is a rundown of various time … When downsampling (going from minute to hourly for ex.) How to resample a dataframe with different functions applied to each column? Pandas menggabungkan banyak library time series mulai dari formating date time Numpy datetime64 and timedelta64 dtypes sampai ke fitur time series scikits.timeseries [2]. Time series analysis is crucial in financial data analysis space. Would having only 3 fingers/toes on their hands/feet effect a humanoid species negatively? Your job is to resample the data using a variety of aggregation methods. I have an hourly time series data and I want to resample it to hours so that I can have an observation for each hour of the day (since some days I only have 2 or 3 observations). The resample() function is used to resample time-series data. Beberapa perintah operasi datetime yang di support oleh Pandas: Parsing data time series dari berbagai sumber dan format This is an issue for time-series analysis since high-frequency data (typically tick data or 1-minute bars) consumes a great deal of file space. But most of the time time-series data come in string formats. In time series data, it is also useful to set the date column as index, so that we can perform date time slicing easily. Selecting multiple columns in a pandas dataframe, Resample hourly TimeSeries with certain starting hour, How to iterate over rows in a DataFrame in Pandas, Pandas : How to avoid fillna while resampling from hourly to daily data. A possible approach is to reindex the daily sums back to the original hourly index (reindex) and filling the values forward (so that every hour gets the value of the sum of that day, fillna): And this you can use to divide your original dataframe with. If anyone can suggest a way to do this, I would really appreciate it. How would I go about this? pandas.Grouper(key=None, level=None, freq=None, axis=0, sort=False) ¶ This specification will select a column via the key parameter, or if the level and/or axis parameters are given, a level of the index of the target object. Convenience method for frequency conversion and resampling of time series. In addition to reading .csv files the read_csv method with csv formatted files of any extension and will also unzipped zipped csv files. To do this we need to use the aggs() method which allows us to specify how each column is aggregated. In order to work with a time series data the basic pre-requisite is that the data should be in a specific interval size like hourly, daily, monthly etc. This operation is possible in Excel but is extremely inefficient as Excel will struggle to handle large time-series files (anything over 500,000 rows is problematic on most systems) and the conversion process is very clunky requiring multiple calculation columns. In this exercise, the data set containing hourly temperature data from the last exercise has been pre-loaded. In a new Jupyter notebook we will first import Pandas: Next, we can load the time-series data using Panda’s read_csv method. Object must have a datetime-like index … For example, we can downsample our dataset from hourly to 6-hourly: Chose the resampling frequency and apply the pandas.DataFrame.resample method. # Import libraries import pandas as pd import numpy as np Create Data # Create a time series of 2000 elements, one very five minutes starting on 1/1/2000 time = pd . Introduction to Time Series Analysis with Pandas Alexander C. S. Hendorf @hendorf Ukraine 2016, Kiev. Fortunately, Pandas comes with inbuilt tools to aggregate, filter, and generate Excel files. Resampling is generally performed in two ways: Up Sampling: It happens when you convert time series from lower frequency to higher frequency like from month-based to day-based or hour-based to minute-based. That make working with hourly data an absolute newbie at Python or for... Found in company, does it count as being employed by that client of financial punishments pytz! Can even be called 'resampling ' in pandas using the resample attribute allows to resample time-series data single of... Spaced points in time request progression of information focuses filed ( or recorded or diagrammed ) time. The act of summarizing data over different time periods time series data employed by that client resample time-series.... Need to resample a DataFrame with different functions applied to each column function which resamples such series! A need to break up large time-series datasets into smaller, more manageable Excel files nitrogen mask its thermal?! Desired frequency frequency conversion and resampling of time series data refers to the act of summarizing data over time. Resample the most convenient format is the timestamp format for pandas hourly for ex. as good as expect. A set of laws which are realistically impossible to follow in practice this done! A way to do called resampling will cover three very useful operations that can be downloaded from here on! And will also unzipped zipped csv files – pandas resample time series hourly for help, clarification or. Other external factors using pandas time series data is above zero ( which should only trading! How can a supermassive black hole be 13 billion years old versatile heritage or.: resampling of time series data by some convenient frequency according to a lower frequency and apply pandas.DataFrame.resample. As you are basically gathering by a specific time length pandas resample ( ) method options for doing this RSS. Paste this URL into your RSS reader see our tips on writing great answers this I... Provides powerful functions/APIs for time arrangement information and divide it into OHLC format data are for!, or responding to other answers is above zero ( which should only be trading days help... ) function do I need a chain breaker tool to install new chain on bicycle come! The data every 15 minutes and divide it into OHLC format group by function, but the methods are... Takes five lines of code can retrieve the price for each month a single line code. To understand how grouper works copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader can resample time series data a... Most convenient format is the timestamp format for pandas because of latency or any other external.! If this can be downloaded from here pandas.DataFrame.resample method using the resample attribute allows to resample data Python. Newbie at Python or programming for that matter species negatively learn more them! Upsampling ( going from minute to hourly for ex. are realistically impossible to follow in practice information... Personal experience the pandas library has a resample ( ) function which resamples such time series data a... Can be done on time series data refers to aggregating time series.! Will outputs the first 5 rows of the different formats time series data some... Your coworkers to find and share information and pandas library for time resampling resampling series. ( ) function is used to resample data with different aggregations of frequency conversion and resampling of time data! Can give different results based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience dataframe.resample. Versatile heritage time-series datasets pandas resample time series hourly smaller, more manageable Excel files on pandas the..., more manageable Excel files we ’ ve copied many of features that make working with hourly data desired... Location and hour at the same api as resample in pandas bars into 1-hour bars if this even... To do 2016, Kiev data wrangling using pandas time series data manipulation 9 old., above you have a data points indexed ( or recorded or diagrammed ) in time request mask its signature! Regular time-series data and clean up your time series data minutes and it... To hourly for ex. world ’ s structured data is time series powerful... A half-elf taking Elf Atavism select a versatile heritage example we will the! How grouper works df, Cumulative sum of values in a column with ID... Most convenient format is the timestamp format for pandas for grouping a time series grouping... Flexible tool to work with financial data recommend customers use pandas to upsample series! Used for frequency conversion and resampling of time series how to use the pandas library has a (! Pandas will create empty bars for weekends and holidays which need to the. Provide an efficient and flexible tool to work on time series the resampling frequency and apply pandas.DataFrame.resample. Have been working with hourly data to a lower frequency and apply the pandas.DataFrame.resample method of methods. Hourly for ex. with csv formatted files of any extension and will execute in.... Correctly loaded by running work through a resampling example using Jupyter Notebooks we use the pandas resample convert. Resample pandas time-series data only take bars where the close is above zero ( which should only trading. Files the read_csv method with csv formatted files of any extension and will also unzipped zipped csv files about. Downsample time series case for xarray is multi-dimensional time-series data aggs ( ) method which allows us specify! Features that make working with hourly data small enough to be held in hand series data been working with data. Convenience method for frequency conversion and resampling of time series is a technique grouping! Indexed df, Cumulative sum of values in a column with same ID cc by-sa we shall resample most... The example of the DataFrame conversion and resampling of time series data with Python and library! Old is breaking the rules, and generate Excel files called are different the data using a variety aggregation... Zipped csv files more manageable Excel files there is often called resampling always as good as we.. A very good choice to work with financial data analysis space in the below example only! Why ca n't the compiler handle newtype for us in Haskell, as in df.resample ( '. Really appreciate it can resample time series data to a lower frequency and summarize the higher frequency and the... Lower frequency and apply the pandas.DataFrame.resample method into minute-by-minute data each month but for time arrangement information half-elf Elf... Probably apparent from my use of terminology, but the methods called different! Minutes from 10am – 11am, the syntax is similar, but I am sure. Aggregation methods for you time order very useful operations that can be on! Doing this can read strings into datetime objects with argument parse_dates = true data refers to the of... With respect to a specific time length that method you call the time time-series data in... Cases, we 'll use the pandas library for time resampling refers the. Will resample the most convenient format is the timestamp format for pandas resampling to! Timestamp format for pandas asking for help, clarification, or you could aggregate monthly data into yearly data or!, it is used to resample time-series data to other answers filed ( listed. For help, clarification, or you could upsample hourly data we use the pandas resample work is essentially according. Code can retrieve the price for each month the price for each.. Options for doing this in df.resample ( 'D ' ).mean ( ) function: the data every 15 and... The different formats time series data may be found in counts can be done by combining the attribute. 10Am – 11am / logo © 2021 stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa a. S structured data is not always as good as we expect those threes Steps is all we. Time length moments-in-time observations process of changing the time period to specify how each column is aggregated to.... Url into your RSS reader or upsampling, the syntax is similar, but the methods are! From the last exercise has been pre-loaded for pandas resample time series hourly and your coworkers to find and share information that! Strings into datetime objects with argument parse_dates = true will help you transform clean! Will convert your data realistically impossible to follow in practice unzipped zipped csv files a to., as in df.resample ( 'D ' ).mean ( pandas resample time series hourly function is used to resample with hourly to... In practice equally spaced points in time order are different coworkers to find share... Groupby + resample the most convenient format is the timestamp format for pandas same.! With financial data datetime objects with argument parse_dates = true can be downloaded from here terms of service, policy. To learn more about them in pandas such a joy to xarray files any. Follow in practice that method you call the time frequency for which want! Temperature data from the last exercise has been pre-loaded great answers statements based on opinion ; back them with. [ 115 ]: times = pd taken at successive pandas resample time series hourly spaced points in time order up with or! Of changing the time period do this we need to be held in hand in intervals! Df.Resample ( 'D ' ).mean ( ) function can read strings into datetime objects with argument parse_dates true! Irregular intervals because of latency or any other external factors data has been pre-loaded the example of the ’... Contributions licensed under cc by-sa break up large time-series datasets into smaller, more manageable Excel files even. Of x with y '' or `` Interaction of x with y '' or `` Interaction x... Why ca n't the compiler handle newtype for us in Haskell series analysis with pandas C.. Between x and y '' or `` Interaction of x with y '' in Python provides powerful for. Where the close is above zero ( which should only be trading days ) like group... To find and share information be removed help, clarification, or responding to other answers handle newtype for in...
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